Knowledge 4 All | Methodology & Sectoral Indices |

Global Knowledge Index - Methodology

The ‘Global Knowledge Index’ (GKI) is a joint initiative between the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Knowledge Foundation (MBRF).

The Index aims to measure the multidimensional concept of knowledge. The concept is a fluid one, often linked to related concepts such as ‘knowledge economy’ or ‘knowledge society’. It is also sometimes restricted to a narrow understanding that limits the focus to education or technology.

Given the variations in its use and meaning, the GKI aims to introduce a more systematic understanding of knowledge in two respects:

  • It breaks down the concept into its constituent components – i.e. pre-university education, technical and vocational education and training (TVET), higher education, research, development and innovation (RDI), information and communications technology (ICT), and economy, in addition to the general enabling environment. Therefore, it recognizes the multidimensional nature of knowledge systems in all contexts and applications relating to economic and social structures. This allows a more meaningful and insightful exploration of knowledge policies in relation to different sectors.
  • It also enables a more scientific and evidence-based linkage between development and a multidimensional concept of knowledge, in keeping with the notion of human development as applied by UNDP as well as the concept of sustainable development agreed by world leaders in 2015 in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Once the concept is clarified and the linkage with development is established, it is possible to introduce a more comprehensive approach to ‘knowledge-based development’. This can guide policymakers, researchers, civil society and the private sector to work together on different aspects of policies to foster a development process that seeks to equip individuals – from an early age – with the necessary skills to prepare them for the future.

 

The Pre-University Education sector plays a central role in building the knowledge capital that represents the first input in preparing young people to acquire and produce knowledge. Pre-university education equips youth with scientific knowledge, as well as creative skills and capacities, to access lifelong learning opportunities. This sector is therefore key, as it constitutes the first basis for other sectors to build upon. It is composed of two pillars: knowledge capital and educational enabling environment. Number of variables: 17 | Weight: 15%
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